(5 years and 1711 days ago)
â€œBell, book and candleâ€
The expression: "Bell, Book and Candle" is a reference to excommunication from the Catholic Church. The ceremony was performed by: "Ringing the bell, opening the book, and lighting the candle," and closed with "Cease the bell, close the book, and quench the candle."
The phrase is old and first appears, in Old English, circa 1300:
"Curced in kirc an sal ai be wid candil, boke, and bell."
Shakespeare used the phrase in King John, 1595:
â€œBell, book, and candle shall not drive me back,
When gold and silver becks me to come onâ€.
Thanks to the following for the use of their images: Michael D. Dunn for the girl, olga for the Bible, and eastlothian for the hand bell.
(5 years and 1713 days ago)